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    一学就会的4种摄影题材拍摄技巧
    2020/5/20 14:18:41

    在这个人人都是摄影师的年代,很多相机或手机拍照都非常厉害,比如朋友间的合照、自拍照或是旅行拍的打卡照,只要咔嚓一下就搞定。纪录影像很简单,但怎样才能把照片拍的更好或与众不同呢?今天济南艺考摄影培训给大家分享一波摄影干货,赶紧get起来吧!

    In this era when everyone is a photographer, many cameras or mobile phones are very good at taking photos, such as group photos among friends, self photos or travel photos with a punch card, which can be done with a click. It's easy to record images, but how can you make them better or different? Today, Jinan art test photography training to share a wave of dry photography, get up quickly!

    摄影题材非常广泛,每个人都有自己的偏爱,比如风景、人像、生态等等。而每个题材都有它的困难和挑战,最重要的就是要抓住其中的精髓。当你面对无与伦比的景色时,是否会束手无策,或是很难拍出自己想要的效果。下面给大家分享几个常见的风光摄影题材以及拍摄技巧,希望可以帮到同样爱摄影的你。

    Photography subjects are very wide, everyone has their own preferences, such as landscape, portrait, ecology and so on. And every theme has its difficulties and challenges. The most important thing is to grasp the essence. When you face the incomparable scenery, whether you will be helpless, or it is difficult to shoot the effect you want. Let's share some common scenery photography themes and shooting skills, hoping to help you who love photography as well.

    花卉绿植:光影魔法

    Flowers and plants: magic of light and shadow

    相对于其他摄影题材,花卉绿植是比较容易上手的,只要把主体花朵拍清晰、背景虚化,花朵自然就突出了。拍摄时需要注意对焦点的精准度,背景尽量简洁。靠近花朵,用大光圈,长焦镜头拍摄,以获得更好的虚化效果。

    Compared with other photography subjects, flowers and plants are easy to use. As long as the main flowers are photographed clearly and the background is virtual, the flowers will naturally stand out. When shooting, you need to pay attention to the accuracy of the focus, and the background should be as simple as possible. Close to the flower, use a large aperture, long focal lens to shoot, in order to obtain better visualization effect.

    当然,我们肯定要有不一样的追求。比如尝试低角度拍摄,可以得到与常规视角不同的画面,如果拍摄现场人群、杂物较多,利用低角度拍摄还可以获得简洁的天空背景,更加能够突出花朵主题。利用长焦镜头,拍摄蜜蜂、蝴蝶等常见的昆虫,也会给画面带来不错的点缀效果。

    Of course, we must have different pursuits. For example, if you try to shoot at a low angle, you can get a picture different from the conventional perspective. If there are many people and sundries on the scene, you can also get a simple sky background by shooting at a low angle, which can highlight the flower theme more. Using the telephoto lens to shoot bees, butterflies and other common insects will also bring good decorative effect to the picture.

    光线对拍摄花卉也是很重要的,利用好光线,可以拍出戏剧性的效果,让我们的照片更有想象空间。无论是顺光、逆光还是侧光,都会有不一样的效果,这也是常见的拍法,小伙伴们可以多尝试一下围着花朵在正面,45角度,正侧面等地方转一圈拍摄,对比一下就很容易找出最美的角度,拍出不错的花朵照片。

    Light is also very important for taking photos of flowers. With good use of light, we can take dramatic effects and make our photos more imaginative. Whether it's a smooth, backlight or side light, there will be different effects. This is also a common shooting method. You can try to take a circle around the flower at the front, 45 angle, front side and other places. By comparison, it's easy to find the most beautiful angle and take a good picture of the flower.

    流水瀑布:慢快门下的梦幻秘境

    Water waterfall: a dreamland with slow shutter speed

    流水和瀑布是很多摄影爱好者都喜欢的摄影题材,相信大家都见过把流水、瀑布或者海浪拍得如梦似幻的摄影作品,这到底这是怎么拍摄的呢?

    Water and waterfall are the subjects that many photographers like. I believe that we have seen the dreamlike photography of water, waterfall or waves. How is this shot?

    丝绢流水是运用慢速快门的原理所拍摄的特殊效果,快门速度决定了你的水流是如何运动的。快门的速度,并不是越慢越好,而是要根据当时的情况,以及你个人想要表达的效果来选择。例如快门速度1/4秒拍一张、1秒拍一张、4秒拍一张等,最后再选择自己喜欢的流动感。

    Silk water is a special effect shot by using the principle of slow shutter. The shutter speed determines how your water flows. The shutter speed is not the slower the better, but depends on the situation at that time and the effect you want to express. For example, the shutter speed is 1 / 4 second, 1 second, 4 seconds and so on. Finally, choose your favorite sense of flow.

    想要拍出丝绢般的流水,记得一定要使用脚架。拍摄丝绢流水快门速度至少要比1/4秒更慢,在这么慢的快门速度下,根本无法用手持稳相机,所以三脚架是慢速拍摄的必备工具。用手机架在三脚架上,专业模式把快门速度调慢,也可以获得这样的画面哦。

    If you want to shoot silk like water, remember to use a tripod. Shooting silk water shutter speed is at least slower than 1 / 4 second. At such a slow shutter speed, it is impossible to use a hand-held camera, so tripod is a necessary tool for slow shooting. Use the mobile phone on the tripod, and slow down the shutter speed in professional mode. You can also get such a picture.

    日出日落:抓住稍纵即逝的光

    Sunrise and sunset: seize the fleeting light

    在日出日落时候,光线柔和,天空被渲染的色彩斑斓,画面有着诱人的魅力,是任何一位摄影爱好者都不愿错过拍摄的好机会。不过日出日落的时间是很短暂的,在这短短时间内的每一分钟,景色都可能出现很大的变化,想在短短的时间内将美丽的日出日落景象完美地记录下来,也不是一件简单的事情。

    At sunrise and sunset, the light is soft, the sky is rendered with colorful colors, and the picture has attractive charm, which is a good opportunity for any photography enthusiast not to miss. But the time of sunrise and sunset is very short. Every minute in this short time, the scenery may change a lot. It is not a simple thing to record the beautiful sunrise and sunset perfectly in a short time.

    日出前半小时,日落后半小时左右,是拍摄的黄金时间。提前到达拍摄地点,选好合适的位置,就等于成功了一半。比如地势比较高的山脉或者高楼,这样层次会更为丰富,也可以更好地展现日出日落,除此之外,开阔的海边、湖边也都是不错的选择。

    Half an hour before sunrise and about half an hour after sunset is the golden time for shooting. Arriving at the shooting site in advance and choosing the right location is half the success. For example, the mountains or tall buildings with higher terrain will be more abundant and can better show the sunrise and sunset. In addition, open seaside and lake are also good choices.

    在拍摄日出日落时,为避免画面过于单调,可以利用人物或周围的物体作为衬托,给画面增添几分韵味。需要注意的是,前景不宜过多或过重,否则会影响画面的均衡。

    When shooting sunrise and sunset, in order to avoid too monotonous picture, we can use characters or surrounding objects as a foil to add some charm to the picture. It should be noted that the foreground should not be too much or too heavy, otherwise it will affect the balance of the picture.

    夜景:捕获夜色中的美丽

    Night view: capture the beauty in the night

    不眠的城市有着丰富的色彩,五颜六色的灯光描绘出一幅绚丽多彩的画面,拍摄夜景有一定的难度,复杂的光线很难控制曝光的准确。

    Sleepless city has rich colors, colorful lights depict a colorful picture, shooting night scene has certain difficulty, complex light is difficult to control the accuracy of exposure.

    拍摄夜景同样要用到慢速快门,一支稳固的三脚架也很重要。在夜间使用慢速快门拍摄,可以拍出漂亮的车轨、星轨、光绘,甚至一些肉眼看不到的光线。而很多手机都有拍摄夜景的专门功能,十分实用,甚至可以拍摄出车流,星轨等特别的画面。

    Slow shutter speed is also required for night scene shooting. A stable tripod is also important. Use slow shutter at night to shoot beautiful car tracks, star tracks, light paintings, and even some invisible light. Many mobile phones have the special function of shooting night scenes, which is very practical. They can even shoot special pictures such as traffic flow, star track, etc.

    拍摄夜景一般我会先用光圈优先模式测光,设定光圈值和感光度,例如使用f/8,ISO200,相机最后给出的快门速度是2秒;然后用手动曝光模式,将光圈设定为f/8,ISO200,快门速度2秒,试拍一张;查看拍出来的效果,根据具体情况和想要的效果再对参数进行调整。如果觉得整体偏暗,可以选择延长曝光时间,尽量不要加大光圈或提升感光度。另外,好好利用水面反射,拍摄出来的夜景会很有特色。

    For night scene shooting, I will first use aperture priority mode to measure light, set aperture value and sensitivity, for example, use f / 8, iso200, and the camera's final shutter speed is 2 seconds; then use manual exposure mode, set aperture to f / 8, iso200, and shutter speed is 2 seconds, and try to take a picture; check the effect taken, and adjust the parameters according to the specific situation and desired effect. If you feel that the overall dark, you can choose to extend the exposure time, try not to increase the aperture or improve the sensitivity. In addition, make good use of the reflection of water surface, and the night scene will be very distinctive.