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    摄影的基本特性是什么?
    2016/4/1 13:21:23
    摄影作为一门独特的艺术门类,具有区别于其他媒介的一些特性,它的基本特性突出表现为摄影的纪实性、瞬间性、形象性、可塑性等,只有正确认识摄影的这些特性,才能充分利用其优势为人类服务。那今天我们济南艺考摄影培训机构厂家小编给大家介绍的是摄影的基本特性:
    Photography as a unique category of art, is different from the characteristics of other media, its basic characteristics of outstanding performance for photographic documentary, instantaneous, vivid, plasticity, these characteristics only a correct understanding of photography to take full advantage of the advantages for human services. So today we Ji'nan art photography training institutions manufacturers Xiaobian to introduce the basic characteristics of photography:
    一、瞬间性
    Instant sex
    摄影不是记录整个事物运动变化的全部过程,而是截取其中的一个瞬间, 在快门按下时,事物被以一种定格的方式记录下来,凝固成静止的影像。瞬间的凝固可以使我们长时间地、反复仔细地观看某一画面,不像电影画面那样一晃而过无法停留。同时它也能使我们看到一些一般情况下无法看到的现象,如子弹穿过苹果的过程。尽管摄影的画面是静止的、平面的,但并不意味着它不能表现动态。一个合适的瞬间,可以让我们联想到瞬间前后的信息。运动的前1 秒和后1秒,将是什么样子的?它给了我们无限的想象空间。
    Photography is not the whole process of recording the movement of the whole thing, but the interception of a moment, when the shutter is pressed, the thing was recorded in a fixed way, solidified into a still image. Instantaneous solidification can give us for a long time, carefully again and again to see a picture, unlike the movie screen that flashed unable to stay. At the same time it can also make us see some of the phenomena that can not be seen in general, such as bullets through the process of apple. Although the picture is static, plane, but does not mean that it can not be dynamic. A suitable moment, can let us think of the moment before and after the information. Movement of the first 1 seconds and after a second, what would it look like? It gives us infinite imagination.
    二、可塑性
    Two, plasticity
    摄影艺术在把现实生活的原型提炼表现为艺术形象时,凝结了摄影家的主观意念,它并不是简单的记录,而是一个创造与再创造的过程。在拍摄摄影艺术作品时, 摄影师需要选择最佳的时间、空间和典型的事物,抓取事物典型瞬间的典型特征,使塑造的形象具有更强的感染力。
    The art of photography in the real life of prototype extraction performance art image, condensation of the photographer's subjective ideas, it is not a simple record, but a process of creation and re creation. In the shooting of photography, the photographer needs to choose the best time, space and typical things, grab things typical moments of typical characteristics, so that the image of the shape has a stronger appeal.
    三、形象性
    Three, the image of
    摄影造型艺术以创造艺术形象为目的。摄影者通过对客观对象进行选择、概括、提炼、艺术加工等,综合对事物本质规律的认识和评价,运用摄影艺术语言使之物质化,就得到人们看到的具有鲜明艺术性的生动形象。这个艺术形象的形成是事物本质特征的体现,同时也融入了摄影者的个人思想和审美取向。
    The art of photographic modeling to create the image of art for the purpose. Of object selection, generalization, abstraction, and art processing, through photography, understanding and evaluation of the comprehensive nature of things rules, the use of photographic art language material, you get to see people with distinctive art of vivid. The formation of the image of the art is the embodiment of the essence of things, but also into the photographer's personal thinking and aesthetic orientation.
    四、纪实性
    Four, documentary
    纪实性是摄影的本质特性。摄影是运用相机和感光材料,在按下快门的瞬间将事物真实存在的状态客观记录下来。摄影的纪实性决定了它的真实性。虽然绘画也同样具有逼真再现的特性,但其远远比不上摄影。相机如同我们的第二双眼睛,我们眼睛看到的事物是什么样子的,相机就记录下什么样子。正是这种真实记录的特性,使摄影具有较强的客观感、真实感和可信度,所以在纪实和新闻摄影中,摄影图片往往可以一图抵千言。
    Documentary is the essential characteristic of photography. Photography is the use of cameras and photographic materials, in the moment of the shutter will be the reality of the existence of the objective record. The documentary determines its authenticity. Although painting has the same characteristics, but it is far from photography. Camera as our second pairs of eyes, our eyes see what the thing is, the camera records what it looks like. This is the real record of the characteristics, so that photography has a strong sense of objectivity, authenticity and credibility, so in the documentary and news photography, photography can often be a picture of a thousand words.