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    “少的艺术”极简摄影的来源及要素
    2016/3/25 12:02:59
    今天我们山东艺考摄影培训机构小编交给大家的是“少的艺术”极简摄影的来源及要素:
    Today we Shandong art photography training institutions Xiaobian give you is the source of elements and less minimalist photography art ":
    一、极简摄影的来源
    First, the origin of Ji Jian photography
    极简摄影思想源自于“摄影减法”,更以“少的艺术”而闻名。这些宁静的照片只由非常少的元素组成画面。这类摄影艺术具有一定挑战性,仅通过布置一两样元素来表达一些信息。极简风格起源于20世纪的艺术家,使用最少量的色彩、形状、线条和纹理等元素。在艺术世界中,这种风格被认为是非常主观的概念,其内涵和解释都取决于读者自己作品的看法。
    Minimalist photography stems from "photographic subtraction", with "little known art". These quiet pictures consist of very few elements. This kind of photography art has a certain challenge, only through the layout of the one or two elements to express some information. Minimalist style originated from the artists of the twentieth Century, the use of a minimal amount of color, shape, lines and texture elements. In the art world, this style is considered to be a very subjective concept, its connotation and interpretation are determined by the views of the reader's own works.
    二、极简摄影的要素
    Two, the elements of Ji Jian photography
    1、色彩单纯。
    color simple.
    极简主义摄影的第一要素,便是色彩单纯,这点在风光摄影中尤为重要。让画面内的景致洗去铅华,色彩单一但并不单调,犹如有色素描一样只用高光、暗部、阴影和交界线说话,打造风光片的纯色之美。
    The first element of minimalist photography, is the color is pure, this is particularly important in landscape photography. Let the picture scenery wash Qianhua, single color but not monotonous, like colored sketch, with only high light and shadow, and the shadow of the demarcation line to speak, to build a beautiful piece of pure beauty.
    在户外拍摄的时候,尽量把视野放宽,寻找场景中的主色调,任何场景都会有一个主色调,或者说有一块纯色占据画面的大部分位置,比如干净的天空,比如林边的一块草地,或者礁石边一片平静的海洋。这时你已经抓住了这张极简照片的99%,但是还有1%在哪里?那就是一个画面中的点睛之笔,或者说“兴趣点”,构图中打破僵局的元素。天空中可以是云一架飞机,草原上是一匹马或几只羊,而海面则可以是一艘帆船或捕鱼人泊船用的几只木桩。此时有这些动因在,画面便瞬间激活,与纯色背景的对比,才更显极简主义的静谧之感。
    When shooting outdoors, try to broaden your horizons and to find the main colors in the scene, any scene will have a dominant hue, or said to have a solid occupy picture most location, such as clean sky, such as the edge of the woods a piece of grass, or the edge of the reef a piece of quiet marine. Then you've caught the 99% of this very simple photo, but where are the 1%? That is a picture of the punchline, or "points of interest", to break the deadlock in element composition. The sky clouds a plane, the grassland is a horse or a few sheep, the sea can be a sailboat or fishing boats moored in people with a few stakes. At this time there is the motivation in the picture, instant activation, contrast with the background color, only the more minimalist quiet feeling.
    2、保持简单
    keep simple
    这是极简摄影最基本的原则,简单不意味着无趣,一个醒目的或者具有吸引力的主体就可以抓住观众的眼球。主体必须是照片中最有力的元素,尽管它可能并没有占据主要画面。在拍摄之前,花些时间考虑哪些东西要摄入画面,哪些要抛弃。主体周围留出空间能对其起到强调作用,所以不妨用变焦或裁剪的方法去掉任何会令人分心的东西。因为简单,主体的位置可能直接导致了画面的冲击力,可以借助主题与线条、图形、分形、纹理之间的关系去构思。极简导致了画面内容稀少,所以需要色彩去弥补,亮、高对比度、有反差感更容易形成冲击力。极简本身就要求你清楚你要表达什么,通过有限的元素组织起无限的想象。
    This is minimalist photography the most basic principle, simple does not mean boring and a striking or with attractive subject can seize the audience's eye. The subject must be the most powerful element in the photo, although it may not be the main picture. Before shooting, take some time to think about what you want to eat, and what you want to get away with. Space around the main body can play a role in its emphasis, so it may be used to zoom in or out of the way to remove any distracting things. Because the simple, the position of the main body may directly lead to the impact of the screen, you can use the theme and lines, graphics, fractal, texture of the relationship between the idea. Minimalist led to the picture content is scarce, so need to color to make up for, bright, high contrast and contrast are easier to form impact. Minimalist itself requires you know what you want to express, through the finite element organization of infinite imagination.
    3、主体明确
    the main clear
    例如在冬季的草原上,除了茫茫一望无尽的雪原,几乎看不到其他任何景物,这时可以尝试进行拍摄极简主义的风光作品,这里的风景更是具备传统国画意味。极简主义风光会让你在感官上感觉更加简约和优雅,利用简单的线条和光影描绘出高雅的画面效果。但是,极简主义风光不意味着画面上空空荡荡, 一无所有。在画面中心,我们还是需要一个比较清楚、明晰的主体。例如:在雪原上昂首独立的枯树就适合作为画面主体的元素,而连绵的远山和层叠的乌云可能会让画面不那样单调,在雪原上孤立的树木有时可能是拍摄雪原风光最容易出片儿的方式。但是需要注意的一点是,画面中有云和画面中没有云的效果差别是非常明显的。
    For example in the winter of grassland, in addition to the vast endless snowfield, almost can not see any other scene, then you can try to shoot the minimalist landscape works, the scenery here is with traditional Chinese painting means. The minimalist landscape will let you in the sensory feeling more simple and elegant, depict the elegant picture effect by simple lines and light. However, minimalist scenery does not mean that the screen is empty, nothing at all. At the center of the picture, we still need a clear, clear body. Example: tree in the snowfield proudly independent, for as the main body of the picture elements, and rolling mountains and cascading clouds may would keep the picture is not so monotonous, in the snowfield isolated trees may sometimes shooting snow scenery of the most vulnerable children. But one thing to note is that there are no clouds in the picture and there is no difference in the effect of the cloud is very obvious.