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    如何判断一张照片的好坏?
    2016/1/26 10:26:36
    山东艺考摄影培训机构教您如何判断一张照片的好坏?
    Shandong arts exam photography training institutions to teach you how to judge of a picture?
    就是说,一张照片的出生,他的使命首先是传递一个讯息。艺考摄影培训而如何有效传递照片的意涵?这就是摄影的构图设计所探讨的范围。一张作品我们可以透过以下几个项目去评点他:约可分作主题、讯息、选用的元素、元素代表的符号与主题的关联、元素的配置(构图)、整体的色彩运用、快门时机、精致度、与难易度等等。
    That is, picture of the birth, his mission is sending a message in the first place. Art photography training test and how to effectively transmit photos implications? This is the photo of composition design to explore the scope of. A piece of work for us to go through the following several projects on him: about can be divided into topics, message, selection of the element, the element represents the symbols associated with the theme of, element configuration (composition), the overall colour is applied, the shutter time, delicate, and difficulty level and so on.
    1.主题。照片主题应是摄影师欲传递之讯息所讨论的目标。艺考摄影培训主题大部分是一种抽象概念,可以是某种情绪、心情,亦有可能是某种社会价值,诸如自由、正义等。
    The theme. Photo subjects should be the photographer to pass the message of the target of the discussion. Most art photography training subject test is a kind of abstract concepts, can be a mood, the mood, also may be some kind of social value, such as freedom, justice, etc.
    2.讯息。主题的具体呈现,便是摄影师要传递的讯息。讯息本身是照片内容的直接陈述,一张倾颓的废墟景象所传递的讯息便只是「一处有一座废墟」;一张仰望天际的老人照片所传递的讯息也只是「一位老人仰望着天」。观者必须将照片直观的讯息与讯息的符号将照片主题做连结,才有意义出现。
    The message. The embodiment of the theme, is the photographer to message. Message itself is photo content directly stated, the ruins of a failed picture messages conveyed only "a has a zero;" A photo look up at the sky of the old man passed by the message is "an old man looked up at the day". Viewer photos must be intuitive information and symbol to make links, photo subjects appear to be meaningful.
    3.选用的元素。元素便是摄影师决定放进视框中的物件。在一张风景照中,蓝天、白云、山、海、光束、光影入镜的人物都是元素。简言之,就是观者能从照片中判断而出的具体事物。
    Choose the elements. Element is the photographer decided in the frame of the objects. In one of the landscapes, the blue sky, white clouds, mountains, sea, and the beam of light, the light of her characters are all elements. In short, it is the viewer can judge out specific things in the picture.
    4.元素的符号。各个元素之间单个来看并不具备意义。摄影师透过「赋形」的动作,将各个客观世界中相互分离的物件集中在「视框」中呈现。元素的意义便来自人类沟通的各种符号意义。在探讨自由主题的照片中,若出现「鸟类」、「鸟笼」之元素,其鸟笼所代表的符号意义很可能是「囚牢」的意义。而「鸟类」所指陈的也不会是字面意义上的鸟禽。然而,选用的符号意义中有许多现成、约定俗成的,若与主题没有相对应的搭配,讯息的意义便会流失。
    The element of the symbol. A single view does not have significance between each element. Photographer through the action of "fu", will each separate objects in the objective world focused on the "frame" in the present. The meaning of the elements from a variety of symbolic significance of human communication. To explore the influence of free theme in this photo, if the element of "birds" and "cage", its cage represented by the symbol meaning is likely to be the meaning of "disaster". And "birds" referred to Chen won't be the birds on the literal meaning. Choice of the symbolic significance, however, there are many readily available, the established, if there is no corresponding to the theme of collocation, the meaning of the message will be lost.
    5.色彩运用。色彩运用包括构图中,元素本身的颜色控制与作品的整体色调。构图在意的是摄影师对自我的提问:「我为什么要拍他?我为什么要让他进入我的视框?」色彩的控制亦然,艺考摄影培训色彩本身自成不同的符号意义。有效色彩的配置可以强化整体视觉的醒目程度,可以区隔不同的元素,使之不会相互混淆。照片整体的色调攸关影像的风格,复古的色调处理所引起的审美情绪自然与冷调的现实、未来感照片不同。
    Colour is applied. Including the use of color composition, the color of the element itself control and work as a whole is tonal. Composition of care is the photographer of the self and ask, "why should I shoot him? Why should I let him into my view box?" The control of color, art photography training test color itself form different symbolic significance. Effective colorific configuration can strengthen the overall visual marked degree, can separate the different elements, so don't confuse each other. The overall tone about the style of the image, restore ancient ways tonal processing aesthetic emotion caused by natural and cold tone sense of reality and the future pictures are different.