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    新手摄影的禁忌有哪些?—艺考摄影培训
    2016/1/5 12:02:24
    济南东影艺考摄影培训机构今天给您分享的是新手摄影的禁忌有哪些?
    Jinan east picture arts exam photography training institutions to share to you today's new photography taboos have?
    一忌“面壁思过”。当对画面中的人物采用侧面构图或斜侧面构图时,人物就有了比较明确的方向性--或者面向左边画框边缘,或者面向右边画框边缘。如果人物目光向右,而头部的位置又贴近右边画框,空白留在左方,就好象是一个人正在“面壁思过”。当画面中的人物目光面向一侧时,把画面中较大的空白安排在人物目光的前方,视觉上就比较舒服,相反把较大的空白留在人物脑后,把人物的视线堵死了,使人感到难受。
    One avoid "by a wall. When composition of the characters in the picture is the side or inclined side composition, people have more clear direction, or to the left edge of the frame, or to the right edge of the frame. If people look to the right, and the position of the head close to the frame on the right, to stay in the left blank, as if is a person is "by a wall. When the characters in the picture look for one side, the large gap in characters in the picture the front of the eye, the vision is more comfortable, instead left the larger blank characters, blocking the line of sight of people, make the person feels uncomfortable.
    二忌“七扭八歪”。如果我们拍出来的画面水平线不水平,艺考摄影培训垂直线不垂直,画面中的人或物向一边倾倒,这种“七扭八歪”的画面,非常难看。有些记者习惯于用肩膀作摄像机的水平线,因为人的肩膀是大约15°的斜面而不是平面,所以*肩膀找水平的办法是不可*的,必须要用寻像器的边框来找水平。需要注意的是,采用正面构图时,大部分景物的水平线可以和寻像器的横框平行;但采用斜侧面构图时,物体水平线往往与寻像器的边框形成“夹角”,这时,就不能依*物体自身的水平线,而要借助于物体的垂直线来与寻像器的竖边框平行,从而获得水平的效果。
    avoid "seven twisting eight slanting. If we take the picture not horizontal level, art photography training vertical line is not vertical, pictures of people or things to one side, this kind of "seven twisting eight slanting" picture, very ugly. Shoulder some reporters are accustomed to use for the camera is horizontal, because the person on the shoulder is about 15 ° incline is not flat, so the way to find a level is not * * shoulder, must use the viewfinder frame come to level. It is important to note that using positive composition, most of the scene of the horizontal line parallel to the horizontal box of a viewfinder; But using inclined side composition, objects tend to form with the viewfinder frame horizontal "Angle", at this time, will not be able to rely on the horizontal line of the object itself, rather than by means of an object vertical line parallel to the vertical border of the viewfinder, can achieve the level of effect.
    三忌“顶天立地”。有些电视画面中的人物全景,山东艺考摄影培训头部紧顶着画框上沿,脚紧蹬着画框下沿;有些建筑物上下两条轮廊线紧挨着画框上下沿,挤得满满实实,这就是所谓的“顶天立地”。在拍摄全景时要考虑在主体的四周留有适当的空白,避免“顶天立地”,以适应观众的欣赏习惯。
    avoid "indomitable spirit". Panoramic view some of the characters in the picture, shandong art photography training tight against the frame along the head, feet along the under tight on the frame; Some buildings up and down two contour line close to the frame along the up and down, packed full of honest, this is the so-called "indomitable spirit". To consider when shooting panoramic around the perimeter of the body with the appropriate blank, avoid "indomitable spirit", to adapt to the audience.
    四忌“横线切脖”。拍摄人物时,不注意处理背景中的横线--如地平线、水平面、电线、墙裙线、物品横向的轮廊线,往往会使背景中的横线处于人物脖子的位置,造成“横线切脖”。避免“横线切脖”的办法是改变机位高度。一般是把横线安排在人物肩膀以下,如果把横线安排在人物头部或头部之上,看起来也不太舒服。
    avoid "horizontal slice neck". On people, do not pay attention to deal with, such as the horizon in the background line, horizontal, wires, dado, items, horizontal contour line, tend to make the background of horizontal lines in a position of neck, causing "horizontal slice neck". Avoid "horizontal slice neck" way is to change the flight height. Usually arrange horizontal line in the figure below the shoulder, if the horizontal arranged above the figure head or head, don't look too comfortable.
    五忌“缺边少沿”。“缺边少沿”是指拍摄中景和全景时,主体应该保留的轮廊线被挤出画面之外。有的会场全景,会标两头各挤出一两个字;有的人物不是缺一只耳朵就是没有额头;有的建筑物本来是按全景景别取景,却是“缺边少沿”,全景不全。
    avoid "lack of edge along the less". "Lack of edge less along" refers to the middle and panoramic view, the main body should be kept out of the picture for the contour line. Some panoramic view the venue, be marked at both ends each squeeze one or two words; Some characters not missing an ear is no forehead; Some buildings is originally by the panoramic view JingBie, is "the lack of edge along the" less, panoramic view.