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    摄影的基本特性-摄影高考要点
    2015/12/25 11:41:52
    摄影作为一门独特的艺术门类,具有区别于其他媒介的一些特性,它的基本特性突出表现为摄影的纪实性、瞬间性、形象性、可塑性等,只有正确认识摄影的这些特性,才能充分利用其优势为人类服务。那下面我们山东艺考摄影培训机构就给大家介绍一下它的特性:
    Photography as a unique art category, has some characteristics different from other media, its basic features outstanding performance for photography of the documentary, an instant, vivid, plasticity, etc., only the correct understanding of photography of these features, to make full use of the advantages for the service of humanity. That here we shandong art photography training institutions will introduce you to test its features:
    一、形象性
    A, vivid
    摄影造型艺术以创造艺术形象为目的。摄影者通过对客观对象进行选择、概括、提炼、艺术加工等,综合对事物本质规律的认识和评价,运用摄影艺术语言使之物质化,就得到人们看到的具有鲜明艺术性的生动形象。这个艺术形象的形成是事物本质特征的体现,同时也融入了摄影者的个人思想和审美取向。
    For the purpose of photography to create the artistic image of plastic arts. Photographers are summarized and refined by the objective object selection, and artistic processing, etc., comprehensive understanding of essence rule and evaluation, using photography art language material, you get the vivid image of the people see with distinctive artistic. The formation of the artistic image is a reflection of essence characteristics, but also into the photographer's personal thoughts and aesthetic orientation.
    二、可塑性
    Second, the plasticity
    摄影艺术在把现实生活的原型提炼表现为艺术形象时,凝结了摄影家的主观意念,它并不是简单的记录,而是一个创造与再创造的过程。在拍摄摄影艺术作品时, 摄影师需要选择最佳的时间、空间和典型的事物,抓取事物典型瞬间的典型特征,使塑造的形象具有更强的感染力。
    Photography in the real life prototype refining show the artistic image, condenses the photographer's subjective mind, it is not a simple record, but a process of creating and recreating. In film photography art, photographer need to choose the best time, space, and the typical things, fetching things of typical characteristics of typical moment, make the image has a stronger appeal.
    三、纪实性
    Third, the documentary
    纪实性是摄影的本质特性。摄影是运用相机和感光材料,在按下快门的瞬间将事物真实存在的状态客观记录下来。摄影的纪实性决定了它的真实性。虽然绘画也同样具有逼真再现的特性,但其远远比不上摄影。相机如同我们的第二双眼睛,我们眼睛看到的事物是什么样子的,相机就记录下什么样子。正是这种真实记录的特性,使摄影具有较强的客观感、真实感和可信度,所以在纪实和新闻摄影中,摄影图片往往可以一图抵千言。
    The documentary is the essential characteristic of photography. Photography is the use of cameras and photographic materials, pressing the shutter in the moment will record the state of the real objective things. Photography in the documentary determines its authenticity. Although the painting also has the characteristics of realistic representation, but it is not nearly as photography. The camera as we a second pair of eyes, our eyes see things is what appearance, camera to record what you look like. This is the real record of the feature, make photography has strong sense of objective, realistic and credibility, so in the documentary and news photography, photography can often a picture is worth thousand words.
    四、瞬间性
    Four, an instant
    摄影不是记录整个事物运动变化的全部过程,而是截取其中的一个瞬间, 在快门按下时,事物被以一种定格的方式记录下来,凝固成静止的影像。瞬间的凝固可以使我们长时间地、反复仔细地观看某一画面,不像电影画面那样一晃而过无法停留。同时它也能使我们看到一些一般情况下无法看到的现象,如子弹穿过苹果的过程。尽管摄影的画面是静止的、平面的,但并不意味着它不能表现动态。一个合适的瞬间,可以让我们联想到瞬间前后的信息。运动的前1 秒和后1秒,将是什么样子的?它给了我们无限的想象空间。
    Photography is not to record the whole movement process of all things, of which the interception of a moment, when the shutter by pressing, things have been recorded in the form of a fixed, solidified into a static image. Instant solidification can make we repeatedly over a long period of time, carefully watching a picture, not like a movie screen handguns couldn't stay. It also enables us to see the phenomenon of some usually can't see, such as the bullet through the apple process. Although photography picture is static, flat, but does not mean that it not dynamic performance. A suitable moment, allows us to think of moments before and after the information. Exercise 1 seconds before and after 1 second, what will be like? It gives us the infinite imagination space.