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    摄像机持机要领
    2015/10/7 11:20:48
    基础知识就像是建筑物的地基,打的越牢固学的就越扎实。下面山东艺考摄影培训分享的是摄像机持机要领:
    Basic knowledge is like the foundation of a building, the more firmly the fight the more solid. Next to the camera holder:
    1、摄像机扛在右肩上,右手插入摄像机的护腕,并握住镜头的变焦控制器,左手握住镜头的调焦环,右脸颊紧贴摄像机机身。有自动调焦控制器的DV摄像机手不用调整焦距,可以要双手护住机器或者左手托住摄像机,以保持摄像机的稳定。
    1, camera carry on the right shoulder, right into the camera's wrist, and holding the camera and zoom controller, left hand holding the camera and a focusing ring, right cheek close to the camera body. DV camera automatic focusing controller hands do not need to adjust the focal length can be to both his hands to defend machine or hand to hold the camera, in order to keep the camera's stability.
    2、电视摄像是一个连续的过程,拍摄过程中包含着连续的推、拉、摇、移等变化。所以视野不能只局限于寻像器中的一个场景,摄像者要时刻注意其它场景的捕捉。拍摄时两眼要分别负责不同的任务,右眼看取景器观察拍摄的镜头是否合适,左眼同时观察全局、把握动向,随时注意观察拍摄主体的变化趋势。摄像工作人员一定要学会双眼观察,经过一定的实践训练,养成习惯后,会受益非浅。特别是拍摄新闻时,学会观察能比较快的找到拍摄的点。
    2, the TV camera is a continuous process, shooting process contains a continuous push, pull, shake, shift and so on. So the visual field can't be confined to a scene in the search, the camera should always pay attention to other scenes capture. Shooting his eyes to are responsible for different tasks, the right eye to see viewfinder observation shooting lens is appropriate, left at the same time observed in global, grasp the trend, always pay attention to observe shooting the main trend. Camera staff must learn to observe, after a certain practical training, to develop a habit, will benefit from the shallow. In particular, when shooting the news, learn to observe the more quickly to find the point of shooting.
    3、持机拍摄时摄像者主要是利用自己的腰部和手臂动作来配合完成拍摄任务。摇摄时,较稳定的方法是双脚不动,特别是要依靠腰部转动来完成,以保证转动平稳。所以有的人说摄像要练习腰功
    3, when the camera is taken, the camera is mainly used to the waist and arm movements to complete the shooting task. Pan, method is stable is the feet, especially to rely on the waist turning to complete, in order to ensure smooth rotation. So some people say that the camera to practice waist work
    4、初学者为了稳住镜头常常会不自觉地屏气拍摄,这对拍摄较短的镜头还可以,遇上长镜头拍摄则会坚持不住,反而会造成颤抖。正确的方法是用"腹式呼吸法"即胸放松,双肩不向上耸动,而腹部作不妨碍拍摄的收缩。
    4, beginners to stabilize the lens often do not consciously breath taken, the shoot a short lens can also, met long shots will insist not to live, but will cause trembling. The correct way is to use "abdominal breathing" is not to relax the chest, shoulders and abdomen are stirred up, does not interfere with the shoot contraction.
    5、肩扛拍摄时,双脚应与肩同宽,以利于稳定重心。在拍摄推、拉、移、跟等运动镜头时,如果没有摄像车,则要依靠摄像者的走动来完成。走动时要尽量利用膝关节、腰部的缓冲作用以减少画面的抖动。
    5, shoulder shooting, feet should be shoulder width, in order to stabilize the focus. When shooting, pull, move, and other sports, if there is no video camera, it depends on the camera to complete the move. When walking, try to use the knee joint, the waist of the buffer to reduce the jitter of the screen.
    对于摄像的知识需要新手多练,多从实践中去摸索经验。
    For the camera's knowledge needs a novice to practice, more from the practice to explore the experience.