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    高考摄影培训讲述集体拍照的摄影技巧
    2015/3/10 8:49:09

    高考摄影培训认为一张好的集体合影应该达到以下五点要求:

    A good collective photo should reach the following five requirements:
    1集体群像在画面布局合理,充实。
    Reasonable 1 collective in the screen layout, enrich.
    2前后排无遮挡现象。
    2 before and after the row without blocking phenomenon.
    3最前一排与最后一排的人都清晰。
    3 in the first row and the last row of people are clear.
    4没有前排头大、后排头小的透视变形。
    4 no front head high, the rear head small perspective deformations.
    5没有闭眼睛的情况。
    5 there is no closed eyes of the situation.
    要做到以上五点,就必须掌握好以下拍摄要领。
    To achieve the above five points, we must grasp the following shooting essentials.
    1、应选用标准镜头
    1, should use a standard lens
    标准镜头的视角与人眼一致,用广角镜头拍集体照时会出现透视变形现象,前排人物离镜头近而头大,后排人物离镜头远而头小。因此,拍集体照不能使用广角镜头。如果使用变焦镜头拍集体照也应选择50毫米焦距段。
    Standard lens perspective is consistent with the human eye, with a wide-angle lens group photo shoot when the perspective distortion phenomenon will appear, the front row characters from lens and a large head, back from the lens far small head characters. Therefore, taking group photos cannot use wide-angle lens. If you use the zoom lens group photo shoot also should choose a 50 mm focal length segment.
    2、光圈和快门速度的选择
    2, the aperture and shutter speed selection
    集体合影的特点是:人物是静止的且纵深大。要获得较大的景深,一般得使用小光圈和较慢的快门速度。20~30人的合影宜用f/5.6~f/8光圈; 在60~70人合影时宜用f/8~f/11光圈,在100人以上合影时宜用f/11~f/16光圈。快门速度最好不低于1/30秒,这样可避免个别人在拍 摄中突然的晃动。当然,在光线较差的情况下,为了保证有足够的景深,只好牺牲快门速度,但一般不能低于1/8秒。
    The characteristics of collective group photo is: character is stationary and the longitudinal deep. To obtain a larger depth of field, usually with a small aperture and slower shutter speed. 20 ~ 30 people's photo should be treated with F / 5.6 ~ F / 8 aperture; in 60 ~ 70 photos is appropriate to use f / 8 ~ F / 11 aperture, 100 people in the above photo is appropriate to use f / 11 ~ F / 16 aperture. The shutter speed should not less than 1 / 30 seconds, it can avoid the others shot in the shaking in sudden perturbation. Of course, in poor light condition, to ensure adequate depth of field, had to sacrifice the shutter speed, but generally not be less than 1 / 8 seconds.
    3、使用三脚架和快门线
    3, use three tripod and shutter line
    因为拍摄集体合影需要较大的景深,所以常选用较小的光圈拍摄,这时快门速度较慢,为防止拍摄中出现“手震”,影响画面清晰度,因此在拍照中必须使用三脚架稳定照相机。
    For the filming of a group photo needs a larger depth of field, so often choose a smaller aperture, shooting, then slower shutter speed, to prevent the shooting appeared in "hand shake", affect the picture clarity, therefore in the photos must use three tripod stable camera.
    4、为避免前后排遮挡,前后排梯度要大
    4, to avoid the before and after occlusion, before and after the row to the large gradient
    拍大型集体合影时,安排队列最好用桌椅,能使前后排更紧凑一点,以便更有效地利用景深,拍出清晰照片。队列的安排一般是第一排坐凳子,第二排站地面,第三排站凳子,第四排站桌子,如果人还多,前面可蹲一排。
    Take large group photo, the best arrangement queue with tables and chairs, can make the front row of a more compact, so that more effective use of depth of field, get a clear picture. The queue arrangement is generally the first row sit stool, second rows of ground station, third rows of fourth row station station bench, table, if more people can squat, in front of a row of.
    如果利用大楼前的石阶照集体合影,人群站队排列应注意的是,无论人多人少都必须隔一级站队(即前后两排之间应空一级),这样才能避免前排遮挡了后排。
    If the use of the building before the stone steps as a collective group photo, the crowd in line arrangement should pay attention to is, regardless of the number of people must be a class queue (i.e., before and after the two row should empty level), so as to avoid the front shielding rear.
    拍集体合影构图很重要,不能在前排摆上过多的凳子,造成队形细长,人物头像很小,构图难看。高考摄影培训:http://www.dysypx.com/
    Take a group photo composition is very important, not in front of placing too much stool, resulting in formation of slender, portrait is very small, the composition of the ugly.
    一般拍集体合影第一排摆凳子的数量可用以下公式计算:
    The general took a group photo of the first row put stool quantity available the following formula:
    摆凳子数量=合影人数/5
    Pendulum stool quantity = photo number / 5
    例如:100人合影,摆凳子数量=100/5= 20即100人的合影,前排领导席摆20个凳子即足。
    For example: 100 photos, put the number of =100 / 5= 20 stools in the group photo of 100 people, the front head table, put 20 stools that foot.
    如果拍摄100人以上的合影,最好将桌椅以照相机为轴心摆成一个弧形,因为镜头最清晰的焦点平面是在以镜头焦点距离为半径的圆弧上。因此,采用弧形站队拍摄,就不会出现集体合影中常见的两侧人物不十分清晰的情况,从而保证了中间和两侧的人物都一样清晰。
    If the photo shoot more than 100 people, will be the best tables and chairs with a camera as the axis of the pendulum into an arc, because the plane of focus lens is most clearly in the lens focal distance as the radius of the circular arc. Therefore, using curved line up shooting, there won't be a collective group photo on both sides of the common characters not very clear, so as to ensure the middle and both sides of the characters are as clear.
    5、光线的选择
    5, the choice of light
    拍集体合影以柔和的自然光为好,应尽量避免直射阳光和逆光。时间应选在上午10点至下午4点这个时段,不要在树荫下拍照,以防产生花脸。
    Take a group photo with the soft natural light as well, should avoid direct sunlight and backlight. Should be in time of 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. this time, don't take pictures in the shade, to prevent the generation of erhualian.
    6、焦点选择
    6, focus selection
    根据景深原理,镜头应聚焦在整个队列纵深的前1/3处。例如:若共五排人,应将焦点对在第二排的中间人物上,这样可更有效地利用前景深和后景深,拍出前后均清晰的集体合影。
    According to the principle of depth of field lens, should focus on the entire cohort depth before 1 / 3. For example: if a total of five platoon, should focus on the middle row of figure second, it can be more efficient use of prospects and background of deep, make both before and after the clear group photo.
    7、构图方法
    7, composition method
    集体合影的构图布局要求上宽下窄留出天地,左右略留有余地而尽量充满画面。山东艺考摄影培训
    Group photo composition layout requirements under the wide narrow set aside about heaven and earth, slightly leave adequate leeway and try to fill in the picture.
    8、拍照时注意力应集中
    8, attention should be focused when taking pictures.
    拍摄前先看看队列中有无前排遮挡后排的情况,如有则应调整一下位置。在按动快门前举手示意,提醒大家注意力集中,以免出现闭眼或晃动。此外,初拍集 体照要避免紧张情绪,把注意力集中在准确曝光,精确聚焦以及构图上,否则,任何小小的差错和失误都会造成无法挽回的损失,因为大多数集体合影是无法补拍 的。
    Have a look before you shoot in the queue front rear with and without occlusion of the situation, if have, should adjust the position. In the hands of the shutter sign, remind everybody attention, so as to avoid the eyes closed or shaking. In addition, the initial take collective as to avoid tension, focus on the accuracy of exposure, accurate focusing and composition, otherwise, any small mistakes and errors will cause irreparable damage, because most of the collective photo is unable to repair took.

    高考摄影培训/山东艺考摄影培训:http://www.dysypx.com/