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    高考摄影培训之初学者人像摄影技巧
    2015/2/28 9:09:06

    人像拍摄技法:
    Portrait techniques:
    1 、  要突出主题,不要被背景淹没。
    1, to highlight the theme, don't be background shadow.
    应用:既然拍摄的主题是人像,人像占整个画面的比例不宜太小。拍摄时可尽量靠近主题,选择较单纯的背景,利用短景深的特性,例如可开大光圈,选择较长焦距的镜头或是选择离主体较远较干净的景物简化背景,使主体突出。显眼的景物,例如鲜艳的花朵,无论是当前景或背景都应尽量模糊或淡化才不至于强走人物的风采而有喧宾夺主的情形产生。
    高考摄影培训
    Application: since the subject is portrait, portrait for the entire screen ratio should not be too small. When shooting can be as close as possible to the theme, choose a simple background, using the characteristics of short depth of field, for example, can open the aperture, the choice of longer focal length lenses or choose from the main far more clean scene simplification background, highlight the main. Visible scenery, such as the bright flowers, regardless of the current scene or background should try to blur or dilution not only strong go figure style and distracting conditions.
    2、  扬长避短,也就是说要利用拍摄技巧,突出被摄者外貌上的优点,而掩饰其缺陷。
    2, foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses, that is to say, the use of shooting techniques, highlight the advantages of being shot in appearance, and hide their defects.
    应用:在公园外拍时,树枝、横杆、梁柱或反光斑点尽量不要置于人物脸部的四周,可适度的改变拍摄者与人物的角度,利用视角的改变将这些不适当的景物剔除在画面之外。尽量避免过的线条画过整个的画面,不破坏影像的完整性,例如公园的长条椅、栏杆上方的横杆、楼梯的扶手、细长的柱子等等,都应尽量避免。此外肢体的安排如不恰当时,也会产影像上的切割,对影像产生一定程度的影响。高考摄影培训:http://www.dysypx.com/
    Application: in the park outside, around the branches, bar, Liang Zhu or reflective spots as far as possible not placed the characters face, can moderate changes the photographer and the characters point of view, the use of perspective change will eliminate these inappropriate scenery outside in the picture. Try to avoid the lines painted the whole picture, without damaging the integrity of the image, such as a park bench over the banisters, rail, staircase handrails, slender columns and so on, should try to avoid. In addition, limb arrangements such as inappropriate, will cut production on the image effect, have a certain degree of image.
    3、  抓取生动的自然姿态和表情
    3, grasping the vivid natural posture and expression.
    应用:很多朋友发现,即使在构图色彩光比上应用得当,但人像照片却感觉“活”不起来,缺乏表现力。其实生动自然的人物表情是照片吸引人利器,要抓住人物最具“菲林”的经典瞬间需要摄影者与被摄者两者的互动。初级人像摄影者一般不太会指挥模特摆弄动作,这其实是很关键的一部。要将你的摄影主题以及思想,极力传达给模特,让模特知道你想拍什么,要拍什么,这样两者有了清晰的沟通,才能创造出精彩的瞬间。
    Application: a lot of friends found, even in the composition and color light than properly applied, but the portrait is feeling "live" up, lack of expressive force. In fact, vivid natural expressions are photos of attractive tool, people to grasp the most "film" the instant classic need photographer and interaction between the subjects of both. Primary portrait photography in general will not command model playing with action, this is actually a very key. Will your photography themes and thoughts, trying to convey to the model, let the model knows that you want to take what, what to shoot, so that both the clear communication, in order to create a wonderful moment.
    4、  构图形式力求新颖,力求自己的风格。
    4, to new forms of composition, to your own style.
    应用:一般初学者习惯把主题至于画面中央,这样的构图未免呆板。其实可试着将主题移至井字构图的黄金点或黄金线上,养成先对焦(锁定) 再重新去构图的习惯。在有了一些摄影经验后,可以试着去突破既有的构图法则,创造出个人特有的风格,搭配底片、相关镜头及滤镜的运用,逆向去思考大胆的去安排人物与景物的关联,在另类的影像中,找到自己的风格。
    Application: general beginners have a habit of theme as the center of the picture, this composition is rather dull. In fact, try the theme to tic tac composition of gold or gold line, form the first focus (lock) to re composition of the habit. There had been some photography experience, can try to break through the existing composition rule, create a unique style, using film, lens and match filter, reverse thinking bold to arrange the characters and scenery of the association, in the offbeat images, find your own style.

    高考摄影培训:http://www.dysypx.com/