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    光线的方向性是摄影用光的必备
    2017/10/16 15:41:56

    摄影用光

    Photographic light

    山东艺考摄影培训光线主要包括四种特性——光线的强度,光线的性质,光线的方向性,光线的色彩。

    There are four main characteristics of light: the intensity of light, the nature of light, the directionality of light, and the color of light.

    我们主要讲一讲光线的方向性,也就是我们常说的顺光、侧光、逆光和漫射光。

    We're talking about the direction of the light, is what we often say that the front light, side light, light and diffuse light.

    1、顺光

    1, along the line

    又叫正面光、平光。光线从被摄者正面照射,特点是被摄者全部受光,光线亮度高,影像平淡,色彩还原较好,但光比较平,很难表现出立体感

    Also called positive light, matt. The light is illuminated from the front of the receiver, and the characteristic is that all the subjects are exposed to light, the brightness of the light is high, the image is dull, the color is restored better, but the light is relatively flat, and it is difficult to show the three-dimensional feeling

    2、侧光

    2. Side light

    光线来自被摄者的侧面,通常又分为前侧光和后侧光,特点是被摄者有明显的立体感,影调层次、线条轮廓等都更为丰富,能较好地刻画人物的外型特征和表情神态

    The light from the side of the subject, usually divided into front and rear light optical characteristics, is the subject has obvious stereo feeling, tone level, contour lines are more abundant, can better describe the appearance feature and the facial expression of characters

    3、逆光

    3, light

    又称为“背光”。光线从被摄者的背面或斜后面射来,特点是光线能为被摄者勾勒出漂亮的轮廓线,可使人物与背景区别开,表现出很强的空间感。

    Also known as "backlight"". The light is drawn from the back or oblique back of the subject, and it is characterized by the fact that the light can draw a beautiful outline for the subject, which distinguishes the characters from the background and shows a strong sense of space.

    4、直射光

    4. Direct light

    又称为“硬光”。在室外一般是指晴天太阳发出的光,特点是方向性强,照射到被摄者身上能形成较强的明暗对比和立体感,有一种比较硬朗的效果。

    Also known as "hard light"". In the outdoor generally refers to the light emitted by the sun on the sunny day, characterized by strong directionality, exposure to the body can form a strong light and shade contrast and three-dimensional sense, there is a relatively tough effect.

    5。散色光

    5. Chromatic light

    又称为“软光”。在室外一般是指阳光透过云层,或被地面、墙面等反射,特点是无明确的方向性,照射到被摄者身上明暗关系不十分明显,中间过渡层次丰富,影像较为柔和。这种光线是拍摄人像比较理想的光线,人物皮肤层次的表现非常丰富。

    Also called "soft light"". Outdoors generally refers to the sun through the clouds, or ground, metope reflection, there is no clear direction, exposure to the subject body value is not very obvious, the intermediate level of rich, softer image. This kind of light is the ideal light for shooting people, and the skin layer of the characters is very rich.

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